Every year Gartner produces a comprehensive list of technology trends for CIO and tech executives to pay attention to. Here’s what’s on top for 2019.
In an annual tradition, Gartner’s produced a comprehensive list of strategic technology trends for CIO and tech executives to pay attention to. Presented by Mr. Nick Jones, Gartner’s VP and Distinguished Analyst at one of Gartner’s seminars, here are the top ten strategic technology trends for 2019.
1. Autonomous Things:
Autonomous Things refers to vehicles, drones, or robots that use AI to automate functions previously performed by humans. By 2021, Gartner predicts that 10% of new vehicles will have the autonomous driving capability, compared with less than 1% in 2017. While full autonomy is still a ways away, Mr. Jones said the future of autonomous things will be groups of collaborative intelligent things that interact naturally with their surroundings, people and each other
2. Augmented Analytics:
Augmented Analytics focuses on how machine learning can augment our Analytics capabilities in data preparation, insight generation, and visualization. This will eliminate the need for data scientists in many situations, allowing organizations to replace them with citizen data scientists: People without statistics/analytics expertise who with AI assistance, can still extract predictive insights from data. “By 2020, the number of citizen data scientists will grow five times faster than the number of expert data scientists” according to Mr. Jones.
3. AI-Driven Development:
There’s a growing need for easy-to-use, AI-powered tools for application developers rather than data scientists. By 2022, Gartner predicts that 40 percent of new app development projects will include AI co-developers within their teams. Furthermore, there’s the opportunity for applying AIs to automate the development process itself. “Ultimately, highly advanced AIs will automate many aspects of application development and give rise to a new age where nonprofessionals, and eventually AIs themselves, will be able to generate applications.” Mr. Jones said.
4. Digital Twins:
A digital twin is a digital representation that mirrors a real-life object, process or system. By 2020, Gartner estimates there will be more than 20 billion connected sensors and endpoints and digital twins will exist for potentially billions of things. The idea of a digital twin is not new although the replication and simulation technology now includes new emerging digital technologies. In the near future, Mr. Jones believes that digital twins of the human body will significantly contribute to medical science while digital twins of buildings/cities will be a key component in creating smart spaces.
5. Empowered Edge:
Edge computing describes a method in which information processing, collection and delivery are no longer centralized but are placed closer to the endpoint devices around us. Over the next five years, Gartner predicts edge computing capabilities will be significantly enhanced by AI, increased storage and processing but most importantly 5G. However, Mr. Jones warns that device management will be a major roadblock for edge implementation for underprepared organizations.
6. Immersive Experience:
From conversational platforms (eg: Siri) to AR/VR, immersive experience is how technology is blurring the line between the physical and digital world. With consumerization driving UX/UI expectations, customers are now demanding immersive experiences which Gartner predicts 70% of businesses will experiment with by 2020. Eventually, how people interact and perceive the digital world will shift this trend to a point where the experience will connect people with hundreds of edge devices ranging from computers, phones to cars and affecting every human sense. They will coalesce into a fully immersive, ambient experience in which the spaces around us will in effect becomes “the computer”.
By enabling decentralized trust, providing transparency and reducing friction across business ecosystems, Gartner believes blockchain will create $3.1 trillion in business value by 2030. Examples of blockchain application include secured record keeping for e-health, digital gold trading or permission-less marketplaces. Although the technology is still poorly understood, early adopters such as Walmart is already using “blockchain-inspired” solutions with more centralized management to improve efficiency. In the next 5-6 years, Mr. Jones predict we’ll have more complete blockchain platforms.
8. Smart Spaces:
A smart space is a physical or digital environment in which humans and technology-enabled systems interact in an increasingly open, connected, coordinated and intelligent ecosystems. As technology becomes a more integrated part of daily life, smart spaces will enter a period of accelerated delivery. Further, other trends such as AI-driven technology, edge computing, the blockchain, and digital twins are driving toward this trend as individual solutions become smart spaces. Essentially, smart spaces are developing as individual technologies before coming together work collaboratively to create an interactive environment.
9. Digital Ethics and Privacy:
As the world becomes increasingly digital with billions of IoT devices constantly collecting our data, Mr. Jones believes ethics and privacy will be a major challenge. To make the correct decisions, multinational companies need to keep up with the ever-changing global privacy laws in order to be compliant. Furthermore, consumers are placing increasingly high values on ethics and companies need to move the conversation beyond “Are we complying with the laws?” to “Are we doing the right thing?” or risk backlash.
10. Quantum Computing:
While quantum computing still seems like a science fiction concept, the technology is maturing faster than most realize. Developers can now build and run quantum computing applications via a cloud environment, and researchers recently proved the significant advantage quantum computers have over classical computers. CIOs should begin monitoring the technology, which could see significant adoption by 2022 or 2023.
In summary, Gartner’s 2019 top 10 technology trends should come as no surprise for those who have been paying attention. IT is getting smarter, casting an intelligent digital web over businesses and everywhere else, with Mr. Jones asserting that Smart Spaces and Privacy and Ethics will be the most important trends. Nonetheless, all these strategic trends can have significant benefits and disruptive potential over the next five years and it’s in every organizations’ best interest to start monitoring them.